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An Illustration of Te and Ti

By Sigurd Arild

Two people observe the same occurrence and their consciousness drags them in different directions. Let us say they both observe their neighbor’s dog barking incessantly, disturbing their peace and making their lives miserable. One person’s consciousness would more naturally gravitate towards which possibilities of sanctioning the neighbor she had available and think about how she could the most effectively, and in the shortest time, achieve her goal of getting the dog to stop ruining her peace.

Another person, by contrast, might observe the same phenomenon and (instead of thinking about how to realistically and cost-effectively solve the problem in the real world) start thinking about who is principally to blame, what rights must be balanced against each other in what fashion, and so on. This latter type of reasoning often contains many fair and just points, but is usually not very effective in real life; it is thought “on the inside” and not with a natural eye for application in the real world.

In this example, we would say that the person who thinks about the real-life consequences and connotations is likely to be characterized by extroverted thinking (Te) while the person who comes up with a neatly-reasoned (but unwieldy) scheme of rights was characterized by introverted thinking (Ti).

Now, each person may also give thought to the opposite side – there is nothing to prevent that. But usually, people tend to be naturally drawn more towards one of these types of reflection; this is the cognitive style of thinking they are most comfortable with, and with which they are the most at ease.


  • CelebrityTypes: The Functions: Te vs. Ti CelebrityTypes 2014
  • Gerroir and Smith: Another Look at INTP CelebrityTypes 2015
  • Smith: Jung in Plain Language, Part 1: Te and Ti CelebrityTypes 2014
  • Wood and Smith: The Mechanics of Te and Ti CelebrityTypes 2014

Published in Sigurd Arild