Skip to content →

Manifestations of the Inferior Function, Part 2: Sensation and Intuition

By Luke Whincop

ABSTRACT: This article, as the second of a two part series, details how the perceiving functions, Si, Se, Ni and Ne, appear in their repressed, unconscious forms.

Inferior Introverted Perception

Overall, inferior introverted perception refers to a lack of perception of the inner world, where either subjective real-time experiences or introspective musings and associations are pushed aside, in favor of external perceptions and ideas in the outer world.

Inferior Introverted Sensation (Si)

When Si is repressed, Ne is subsequently most dominant. Since Ne is always looking for new possibilities and untested ideas, moving from the one to the many, they would thus strongly dislike being tied down and made to conform to what they perceive as a more narrow set of ideas. In summary, Ne types are likely to strongly dislike conformity and routine.

Interpersonally, they may struggle to settle down with one group of friends, or one relationship or one job etc. They may want to go looking for different jobs, partners and interests because their curiosity for the new is unmatched by any other type. However, this may lead to an existential problem of being a traveler in every place and at home in no place, which may create a sense of loneliness in the Ne type.

Moreover, on a more intrapersonal level, the Ne type may not give enough weighting to their own pasts and fail to reflect on them. Though Si does not always look into the past, it does look at subjective experiences in a person’s life, and plans against perceived unpleasant possibilities in the future. If this is repressed, Ne types may not take the time to analyse which possibilities are good or bad. They may become too overloaded with possibilities to stick to a project at hand and finish it. They may also not learn how to do practical things, such as fix a light-bulb or strike a match, because of their conceptual-mindedness not possibly wanting to have put practical ideas in the data banks.

Inferior Introverted Intuition (Ni)

When Ni is repressed, Se is subsequently most dominant. Se seeks the most direct experience of the objective, outer world itself. To an Se, a tree is a tree, a church is a church: they go by the dictum “it is what it is.” They do this free of intellectualizations, the very things they abhor. They would rather live life as it is; they don’t want a belabored analysis of it that they feel doesn’t keep to the point.

This lack of awareness of their intellectual lives means that when they do need to, they are badly equipped to handling it, much like Ni dominant types are poorly equipped at handling the real world; they are two sides of the same coin. Such things manifest as an over-indulgence in intellectualizations, that can lead to an over- or under estimation of such ideas. Se types may overestimate the scope of their ideas or overestimate threats to their plans, or become paranoid that their schemes might not work and that others are out to get them.

Because of this paranoia, they are likely to create patterns in their mind about things where there are no such patterns. Their paranoia may come about due to the subjective insights they see, and not so much the objective outer world possibilities. They may say for example what if the television I’m watching represents how my life is a sham and that it’ll suck me dry. This example is viewed from a subjective viewpoint, independent of the outer world and because it’s repressed, it’s unpracticed and almost childish in the mind of the dominant in this case Se type.

This in general would mean that Se types are likely to act before they think too much, and try to make others do the same, while the reverse is true for Ni types. For the Se types, that like risk, Ni type intellectualizations ruin the fun of the present moment in itself.

Inferior Extroverted Perception

Overall, inferior extroverted perception refers to a lack of perception of the outer world, where either objective experiences or possibilities associated with these experiences are pushed aside, in favor of internal perceptions and ideas in the inner world.

Inferior Extroverted Intuition (Ne)

When Ne is repressed, Si is most dominant. Where Ne looks for as many possibilities as it can, Si avoids all the possibilities of objective reality that they feel don’t work, based on their past, subjective experiences, and makes the most of the ones that do work. They prefer to be thorough with the possibilities that do make it through their critique. Thus, in general, they aren’t comfortable with the possibilities the real world entails.

In their own minds, Si types are likely to be bad at finding connections between one or several events and the ones that follow. Because they do not understand these connections, they feel that real world possibilities that do not follow their subjective experience bank, are dangerous. They feel it’s best to guard against such possibilities. This can manifest as Si types being overtly rigid, cautious and unwilling to try new things, being perhaps too anxious that they won’t work or will somehow endanger the Si type in some fashion. They may have difficulties letting loose and getting out of their comfort zone, or they may be overly skeptical of any new possibility that comes in.

This can however flip the other way. The Si type may become overloaded with unpleasant possibilities and be unable to control them. They may constantly fear the worst outcomes will occur, becoming paranoid like some Se types. With Si types, their paranoia will be of a more objective nature. For example, they might say if I go on a roller coaster, I’m going to get a stomach ache and faint, then I might need to go to the hospital and then something else bad would happen. These possibilities stay in the real world itself.

Inferior Extroverted Sensation (Se)

This is the function that has been described, in its inferior form, the most on CelebrityTypes. In summary, inferior Se is represented as a poor perception with reality itself. Since inferior Se implies dominant Ni, there is a tendency for Ni types to drift away from reality and pay more attention to their own intellectual musings and ideas. When they see a random object, which they may not even consciously observe, such as a car or people partying, they may start analysing how society has become obsessed with only getting from A to B and nothing else, or how humans are hypnotised by disco balls and bellowing beats of the club and so they become mere animals. From this, they may believe that the world inside their own heads is as real or more real than reality itself.

There is also a sense of impracticality that comes with inferior Se. All the intuitive dominant types have a tendency to come up with bold, radical ideas that may not be inherently practical. The impracticality of the Ni dominant type differs from the Ne dominant type in that the former tends to be overly idealistic, pushy and inflexible with their ideas, in such a way that they neglect or miss facts for their given idea that may have adverse effects on themselves or others. Thus, there is a tendency to be unwilling to adapt to changes in the real world itself; the ideas and visions count the most and little else. The impracticality may also manifest as a misunderstanding of how real world objects work, so Ni dominant types may be able to master highly abstract philosophical concepts but be unable to fix a lightbulb.

Lastly, there is a tendency for immoderation in inferior Se, one that dominant Se types often get blamed for. This immoderation can manifest as either extreme indulgence or extreme asceticism. Thus, Ni dominant types have a tendency to binge on food, television, sex, drugs, etc, or ignore such sensate activities completely. They tend to be repetitive in nature, with a narrow, intense focus without needing to combine items with each other, so one might eat an entire packet of biscuits and not mix this with Oreos for example. With this immoderation, there may be a contradiction in that, Ni dominant types may see themselves as disciplined with the visions that are important to them, but at the same time, they would be bad at resisting the temptation to go on a food binge, and then intellectualising on this further. But to the Ni dominant types, such contradictions would make sense, and that they add up to form a greater whole.


  • CelebrityTypes: Christopher Hitchens, INTJs, and Extroverted Sensing (Se) CelebrityTypes 2012
  • CelebrityTypes: ENTP Type Description CelebrityTypes 2015
  • Gregersen: Inferior Te in INFPs and ISFPs CelebrityTypes 2014
  • Jung:  Psychological Types Princeton University Press 1976
  • Smith: Philosophical Archetypes: Xenophanes (ENTP) CelebrityTypes 2015
  • Von Franz: Lectures on Jung’s Typology Spring 1998

Published in Luke Whincop