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Manifestations of the Inferior Function, Part 1: Thinking and Feeling

By Luke Whincop

ABSTRACT: This article, as the first of a two part series, details how the judging functions, Ti, Te, Fi and Fe, appear in their repressed, unconscious forms.

Inferior Introverted Judgement (Inferior Ti and Fi):

Overall, inferior introverted judgement refers to a lack of internal control, where either subjective logical principles or emotional values are pushed aside, in favor of external organisation and control in the outer world.

Introverted Thinking (Ti)

When Ti is repressed, Fe is subsequently most dominant. Thus, principles like truth and justice are pushed aside, and are seen to be not as important as social harmony. These concepts are perceived negatively, in that being brutally honest or critical can damage social relationships and offend people unnecessarily. Such truths are avoided, pushed aside or exaggerated in such way that they are more pleasing and harmonious for the given social situation.

In this way, Fe types may over-align with the group dynamic and lose their identities in the process. This can manifest as directly over-aligning, by always agreeing with the group, or indirectly by under-mining or over exaggerating logical ideas or problems at hand.

In the more intrapersonal domain, Fe users may struggle to analyse what logical action to take in more emotion-based situations. They do not want to sit down and rigorously analyse what is going on, and may not be willing to think that a given situation is in need of criticism at all. On the flip side, they may also be inclined to impose too much judgement with too much criticism, most of which would take place in themselves, because control of their inner analyses do not come naturally to them.

In short, they may know what not to say to others but not what to say to themselves.

Introverted Feeling (Fi)

When Fi is repressed, Te is subsequently most dominant. Therefore, subjective emotional values are pushed aside in favour of what logically makes sense in the outside world.

Interpersonally, Te types typically run into problems with being too bossy, merciless and having little patience for the emotional excuses people come up with. They perceive such emotionalities as inefficient, getting in the way of what needs to be achieved in the external world. They may lack empathy and not understand when they are being too aggressive. They may not realise the emotional toll their goal-oriented nature is having on others.

Furthermore, Te types are likely to have a poorly developed sense of self. The idea of being true to themselves doesn’t matter; what does is their goals and whatever gives them the most external control and power. Thusly, their sense of moral values may also go out of the window. They may ruthlessly push forward an idea, even if it lacks integrity, pursuing goals without stopping to reflect whether or not what they’re doing is right or if it is what they actually want to do.

Contrary to the belief that Fi dominant types have emotional problems, just as Se dominant types are perceived as raging hedonists, it is more likely that Te dominant types will have emotional problems, given they have not practiced dealing with such things and that emotions can be suppressed in unhealthy ways that cause damage to the Te type. Thus, Te types may not recognize the emotional toll their projects have on both themselves and others.

Inferior Extroverted Judgement:

Overall, inferior extroverted judgement refers to a lack of external control, where either objective logical conclusions or emotional sentiments are pushed aside in favor of internal organisation and control of the inner world.

Extroverted Feeling (Fe)

When Fe is repressed, Ti is subsequently most dominant. Thus, a desire to preserve social harmony and to care what people think are pushed aside in favour of truth, justice and fairness. In general, Ti types are likely to push aside emotional content in a situation, avoiding it, as well as facts associated with it, as much as possible. They are more tempted to present things in an impersonal way, because subjective logical judgements are where they are most at home. They are likely then to go through a process of intellectualization, which may come as a dismay to other people involved.

There is also an immaturity at dealing with emotions and presenting them in a pleasing manner. When Fe is repressed, dominant Ti users don’t understand what the appropriate display of emotion is, meaning that when it is expressed, it feels unnatural and may not be correct. They may over-react to minor problems, or under-react to serious ones, much to the dismay of either themselves or others or both. There is a sense that they cannot find the right harmony or balance for the appropriate situation, as Ti types are less likely to have appropriateness at the top of their dictionaries.

Extroverted Thinking (Te)

When Te is repressed, Fi is subsequently most dominant. In this case, a desire to not make logical conclusions about external surroundings, as well as an unwillingness to assert one’s self takes precedence. These ideas are covered more strongly in in Eva Gregersen’s article Inferior Te INFPs and ISFPs, but will be summarized here.

With Fi types, the idea of becoming who you are takes most dominance, and sticking to one’s own emotional values is their most familiar territory. Like Ti types have a tendency to abstract away from external emotional content with logical principles and theories, Fi types will abstract away from external logical content with subjective sentimental values.

For the Fi type, this means that logical organisation, and actually going out to achieve the goals of what the Fi type desires becomes undesirable. Fi types do not find it natural to push themselves out there, take the lead or push and convince others of their subjective values. They prefer to contemplate on if what they are doing is right, rather than actually doing stuff. They may be perceived as too dreamy, not being concerned with the practical problems their ideas may possess.

Another manifestation of this is that Fi types can often give people all the space they need to be themselves, but sometimes give too much space. They may allow people to walk over them instead of logically doing something to stop that happening for example. They may neglect logical facts, preferring to stick with whatever they feel to be true in their hearts instead.


  • Gregersen: Inferior Te in INFPs and ISFPs CelebrityTypes 2014
  • Von Franz: Lectures on Jung’s Typology Spring 1998

Published in Luke Whincop