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Open Journal of Jungian Typology Posts

Extroversion and Introversion: The Many and the One

By Michael Pierce In this article (and video), I will be discussing in greater detail and refinement the ideas I originally presented in a letter to a friend: an approach to introversion and extroversion which I’ve found to be enlightening and fruitful. There’s a saying: “There are two kinds of people – those who think there are two kinds of people and those who don’t.” This is the new approach in a nutshell. One group emphasizes the existence of discrete categories while the other emphasizes the existence of the group in and of itself. This is my current view of…

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Richard Noll’s Page Proofs for ‘Mysteria: Jung and the Ancient Mysteries’

ABSTRACT: Richard Noll is a historian of psychiatry who wrote two controversial volumes on C.G. Jung in the 1990s: The Jung Cult (1994) and The Aryan Christ (1997). A third volume, Mysteria, was also set for publication by Princeton University Press (1994/1995), but was suppressed at the behest of the Jung family. Following the suppression of the book, Noll has previously made his own contributions to ‘Mysteria’ available to scholars through gated communities such as Academia.edu and ResearchGate. However, with the permission of the author, the page proofs for ‘Mysteria’ are now made available in an ungated format for the first time. – OJJT.…

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Why Taylor Swift is ESTP

By Boye Akinwande Taylor Swift is among a number of people featured on CelebrityTypes.com whose type is disputed because of a conception of the Fe function as a rigidly defined adherence to social conventions and expression of common sentiments. Going by this conception, the suggestion that people like Carl Jung, Neil deGrasse Tyson, and Kanye West are Fe types (as CelebrityTypes has suggested) has been dismissed, whereas Taylor Swift, who does have that persona, is considered one. It is my contention that some of what people attribute to a more conscious Fe function than the tertiary one of ESTPs is really a result…

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On Passing Judgment on Richard Noll

By Ryan Smith Richard Noll is a historian of psychiatry who wrote two controversial volumes on C.G. Jung in the 1990s: The Jung Cult (1994) and The Aryan Christ (1997). A third volume, Mysteria, was also set for publication by Princeton University Press (1994/1995), but suppressed at the behest of the Jung family. Broadly speaking, Noll’s views are that Jung was quite Volkish (i.e. pan-Germanic nationalist) prior to the Second World War, but then mended his views to become the wise old sage or guru in the years following the war. Likewise, Noll argues that both the pre-war and post-war Jung…

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On Society and the Cognitive Functions – a Memoir

By Jesse Gerroir A ‘game’ that is often played with typology is to ‘type’ a particular society or culture. And opinion that is often expressed is of certain individuals who feel out of place in their particular culture or country. This all brings up the question of whether or not it is possible to type cultures or countries or things larger than the individual. While I think that there are very few that would argue that there are some profound differences between cultures, societies, and other social groups, the field of anthropology and sociology have devoted decades of research to this, and…

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Deidre Bair’s Open Letter to Sonu Shamdasani

ABSTRACT: In 2003, Bair published the monumental ‘Jung: A Biography,’ which broke new ground by relying on first-hand research in Jung’s home city of Zurich. However, all was not smiles as Bair was criticized by the Jung scholar Sonu Shamdasani for, among other things, relying on anonymous testimonies in her research. According to Bair and others, Shamdasani allegedly acted abrasively towards her at a scholarly conference and refused to confront her with his criticisms in a scholarly manner. This led Bair to release the following ‘open letter’ to Sonu Shamdasani, to be disseminated in Jungian circles. The letter was originally…

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Combining Beebe’s Eight Function Model with Gregersen and Smith’s Function Axes

ABSTRACT: Gregersen and Smith’s idea of Function Axes (2012) was operationalized within the classical four-function model, where the whole type has four functions. However, many typologists find added nuance in thinking of type from the perspective of the more model eight-function model, as proposed by Beebe and others (e.g. Beebe 2006). This article proposes to combine the idea of function axes with an eight-function model of type. By Luke Whincop Jung originally said that the whole type has four functions. However, I believe a more rounded view of the types is to follow John Beebe in postulating that the whole type has eight functions, i.e.…

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Differentiating the Types via the Tertiary Function: ENFP and INFP

By John Barnes In the last article we discussed how Ni and Fe sets apart the sister types ESTP and ISTP. This time we’ll move onto Si and Te in the ENFP and INFP. As I’ve said before in the article discussing the ENTP and INTP, I define Si as a sort of codifying heuristic. In the ENFP Si is repressed. Of course in common everyday language ENFPs don’t typically use the word codified. Instead they use words like alive and dead to describe relationships, ideas, and projects. I understand these words as being synonymous with codification. When an idea…

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Differentiating the Types via the Tertiary Function: ESTP and ISTP

By John Barnes Last article we discussed the idea that the tertiary function sets apart sister types. We saw this in action with the two NTP’s tertiary functions, Fe and Si. Now we’ll see the same principle with the two STP types’ tertiary functions Fe and Ni. Fe is repressed in the ISTP. In the INTP this repression combined with their Ne/Si axis gives them (to quote Theodore Millon) an eccentric and intellectual expression and an alienated self-image. In the ISTP because of their Se/Ni axis their repressed Fe manifests as a more intense and direct “no-bullshit” approach to life.…

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Differentiating the Types via the Tertiary Function: ENTP and INTP

By John Barnes The orientation of the tertiary function has been hotly debated (even Myers did not finally settle on one orientation), but for the sake of simplicity I will be using the Standard Model. So the tertiary function is extroverted if the dominant function is extroverted. Hence according to the Standard Model, an ENTP has Ne, Ti, Fe, Si. Starting with John Beebe’s association of the tertiary function with the Child Archetype, the tertiary function has become known as the puerile function. I think this is a fair assessment but I prefer to think of the tertiary function as that which…

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