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Category: Lee Morgan

Type and Opinion

By Lee Morgan Part One: Wittgenstein; Or, the Platonist Positivists argue that all truths are verifiable through scientific experimentation, or mathematical deduction. The philosophy of positivism is best expressed today among the so-called New Atheists. Writers like Sam Harris[1] argue that the scientific method alone can establish truthfulness. Such hardline reductionism has sparked controversy among academic philosophers like Roger Scruton[2]. Thinkers like Scruton criticize positivism for denying the possibility of the sacred. While Scruton agrees that the sacred is immeasurable, he still asserts its truthfulness. Moreover, he argues that positivism denies what is essential to a meaningful life. That being…

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On Hume amd Social Justice

By Lee Morgan In recent years, few issues have been as polarizing as that concerning racism. And understandably so. The world has a dark past and our fathers’ trauma has long drawn its traces in eternity. Of course, I have no means of resolving the discussion, nor do I offer much in the way of consolation. What follows is but my attempt to clarify ideas, and should in no way be understood as a repudiation of the feelings associated with them. Part One: Institutional Racism Is institutional racism separable from the liberal conception of government? Assuming first that the two…

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The Svetasvatara Upanishad and Typology

By Lee Morgan I recently read Valerie J. Roebuck’s translation of the Upanishads and was struck by her translation of the Svetasvatara Upanishad. Unlike the majority of the Upanishads, the Svetasvatara Upanishad was written in an increasingly theistic culture, and accordingly, it raises an interesting philosophical question, and one not unfamiliar to western theists: if a benevolent God exists, why would He create a world of illusions and people it with souls whose salvation and only real chance of happiness requires that they transcend it? In a roundabout way, it’s the same question Stephen Fry asks Christian’s when he sees…

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Plato and Solipsism

By Lee Morgan Plato’s Republic begins with Socrates debating Thrasymachus. Their disagreement regards the essence of justice. Throughout the argument, Socrates presents an idealistic, egalitarian perspective. Though avoiding definitions, he insists that justice serves the whole community. But Thrasymachus disagrees. He asserts that “justice is nothing else than the interest of the stronger.” And while Plato favored his mentor’s idealism, both interlocutors present captivating arguments. And indeed the debate even ends in aporia; and for uncertainty at that! From there continue the Republic‘s nine, remaining books. These present the Socratic conception of justice in allegory. But they all presume Thrasymachus…

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Nick Cave and the Archetypal INFP

By Lee Morgan Nick Cave: “All outward motion connects to nothing for each is concerned with their immediate need.” (As I Sat Sadly By Her Side) Nick Cave: “God has given you but one heart. You are not a home for the hearts of your brothers.” (As I Sat Sadly By Her Side) Nick Cave: “[Reading Mark’s Gospel] one is reminded of a child recounting some amazing tale… the narrative aches with the melancholy of absence…  the outpourings of [Christ’s] brilliant, jewel-like imagination are… misunderstood, rebuffed, ignored, mocked and vilified… It is Christ’s divine inspiration, versus the dull rationalism of…

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Theses Toward a Comprehensive Theory of Type

By Lee Morgan We must consider personality under both of its aspects: the structural and the phenomenological. The practice of not distinguishing between them is the ruin of this art. To illustrate their difference, let us draw an analogy. With respect to language, a line divides between words and the pictures they paint. That is why what is shown cannot be reduced to what is said. These words of mine inhabit a category different from that of your mental representations of them. And yet they stand in a certain relation. Personality is much the same. The phenomenological approach brackets off…

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Revising the Claims of Function Axes Theory

By Lee Morgan Several weeks ago, I wrote an article that introduced new definitions for the four function axes, and their eight constituent cognitive functions. With my definitions, I attempted to elucidate the secret principles that tie together a function axis. But that article derived its content from another that I wrote. Its original source resulted from my attempt to apply Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus to Carl Jung and his typology. That original meditation appropriated the obscure and “even Delphic” style of Wittgenstein’s first treatise. And I wrote with questionable clarity at that. With this article, I aspire to present…

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Elucidating the interactions between thinking and intuition in INFJs and INTJs

By Lee Morgan INFJ: (1a) The logical structure comes first. (Ti) INTJ: (1b) The logical idea comes first. (Te) INFJ: (2a) Logical structure restricts propositions. What can be said is known a priori. (Ti) INTJ: (2b) Logical ideas restricts propositions. What can be said is known a posteriori. (Te) INFJ: (3a) The proposition, “Number ran, statically,” is logical, but senseless. (Ti) INTJ: (3b) The proposition, “Number ran, statically,” has a sense, but is illogical. (Te) INFJ: (4a) Complex ideas emerge from the holistic layering of immiscible, but parallel, logical categories. The number of parallel logical categories is unknowable. For example,…

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The Facts of Personality – In Tribute to Ludwig Wittgenstein

By Lee Morgan (1)    The functional atom is the simple object. Its form is shown and its temperament is said. (2)    The function is the logical category. It contains the simple objects. (3)    That the functional atom is paired with its opposite is the logical structure. (4)    By opposite, I mean those functional atoms that show the same form but speak in different senses. The logical category is the sense. (5)    The function axis is the complex idea. (6)    The form of the function axis contains the form of its parts. The function axis is silent. (7)    The function axis…

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